Digital camera technology has advanced dramatically in terms of quality and performance during the previous 30 years. For both job and pleasure, many photographers have switched to digital cameras. Film photography appeared to be on the verge of extinction.
However, there are still many traditionalists who support film cameras. They prefer the scent of film and the sound of the shutter, seemingly impervious to the features and functions of digital technology. In addition, many digital photographers are switching back to film and analog photography.
Is it merely a passing fad? Is it a fashion trend from the past? Is this the beginning of the end of the digital vs. photographic debate?
We’ll examine some of the more contentious issues, such as resolution and dynamic range. Then, once all of the points have been tallied, we’ll make our decision.
Is digital better than film in terms of resolution?
Photographers of all types, whether film or digital, want their images to be extremely clean and vivid. They want their photos to be noticed. As a result, the resolution is an excellent location to begin the discussion.
What is the difference between a roll of film and a digital sensor?
A digital sensor’s resolution is determined by the number of pixels it contains. The image will be more detailed if the sensor has more pixels. The resolution of the film is measured in angular resolution rather than pixels.
When comparing the film to a digital sensor, the latter offers a resolution range of 4 to 16 megapixels. The actual amount varies depending on the type of film you use.
The Kodachrome 64 film, for example, has an effective comparison of roughly 10 megapixels. The resolution of entry-level DSLRs, such as the Canon EOS Rebel T7i, is 24.2 megapixels. In this case, the film is lagging behind.
Film Cameras Can Use Larger Format for Increased Resolution
As a result, it appears that digital cameras have a resolution advantage. Film photographers, on the other hand, aren’t confined to 35mm. They can use medium or large format cameras when they need a better image resolution.
In a digital camera, expanding the film size is similar to increasing the sensor size. You will get a greater image resolution as a result.
The maximum size of a medium format film is 18cm x 6cm. 4′′ x 5′′ large format film (10.16 cm x 12.7 cm).
The image resolution of a medium format camera is comparable to a mind-boggling 400 megapixels. Even the most advanced digital sensor can’t match this.
In reality, when a medium picture image is scanned onto a computer, digital technology restricts the resolution. The scanned version has a resolution of 50 to 80 megapixels. Even after scanning, the large format exceeds 200 megapixels.
Digital Cameras Are Best For Everyday Use
It’s vital to keep in mind that megapixels and resolution only matter if you’re printing or enlarging your photos on a computer.
Even though large format film cameras are in a different league than digital cameras, for everyday usage, digital image resolution outperforms film.
Large and medium format film cameras, on the other hand, have a significantly greater resolution than digital cameras for professional usage. A medium format camera will save you money as well. A used Mamiya medium format analog camera ($250), for example, has a greater resolution than Phase One’s newest equipment ($40,000).
Use Digital Cameras to Avoid Film Grain
Grain will be recognizable to film photographers. It’s the grainy texture you’ll see on a photograph, which is frequently produced by poor lighting.
A chemical reaction on the film’s light-sensitive emulsion causes this with film. It’s caused by a shortage of light getting to the particles.
In low-light situations, a film with a higher ISO is required. The higher the ISO, the more silver halide crystals are present in the emulsion. It indicates the film is more light-sensitive, but there’s a higher chance of grain in the final image.
This granular effect is known as noise in the digital realm. This is due to visual distortion, which occurs when the sensor is faced with a lack of light.
When it comes to light sensitivity, digital cameras have overtaken film. With each sensor upgrade, digital noise becomes less of an issue. This was, for a long time, the primary goal of digital photography.
Grain, on the other hand, is making a comeback nowadays. The vintage appearance of a grainy film image, especially in black and white, appeals to many people.
If you want true-to-life color images with no noise, digital technology is better than film. That is exactly what many photographers are seeking. Others are on the lookout for anything mysterious. They want a photograph that appears as it belongs in a museum. And you’ll need a film for that.
Digital Cameras Have Better Dynamic Range
The dynamic range of a film or sensor relates to the quantity of light it can record. If there is too much light in a part of your shot, it may seem as a white blur. You get an area of detailless darkness if there isn’t enough light.
Until recently, digital could not match the dynamic range of film. However, digital is already beginning to take the lead.
Increasing the dynamic range of a digital system is a difficult task. This feature of digital photography is improved by high-end sensors, sophisticated file compressors, and digital algorithms.
The dynamic range of traditional films is 13 stops. Digital cameras are now capable of 14 stops of dynamic range, with the Sony A7R III system approaching 15.
In terms of dynamic range, film still reigned supreme, outperforming low- to mid-range digital cameras. However, the tide is shifting, and several digital cameras are currently in front of the pack.
In 2005, Roger N. Clark conducted experiments to establish that high-end digital cameras have a large dynamic range. Analog scans and prints, notably Kodak Gold 200 and Fujichrome Velvia, were compared.
Sequential shots are possible with digital cameras (e.g. HDR, Fusion, focus stacking). This might be a huge plus for their digital offerings.
Film Cameras are at a Disadvantage for Film Speed
The sensitivity to light, which is assessed by ISO, is related to the film’s speed. The more ISO the film has, the more sensitive it is.
Analog film is available at ISO speeds ranging from 50 to 3200. 6400 ISOs are also available. You may also “up-rate” the film by increasing the ISO speed and then developing it for a longer period of time. This changes the contrast, giving them a unique aesthetic that is more suited to art rather than journalism.
Digital cameras now come with a wide range of ISO settings. The ISO range on a consumer camera like the Nikon D5 is 100 to 102400.
Digital Cameras can Change ISO at the Press of a Button
Another significant benefit of digital cameras is their portability. A film camera’s ISO is restricted by the film it is loaded with, but a digital camera’s ISO may be changed by pushing a button. The ISO may be changed from shot to shot.
Interchangeable backs are available for medium format cameras, however, they are still restricted. They’re big, hefty, and not exactly inexpensive. Sheet film is used in large format cameras, so you only load the camera for one shot at a time. It makes changing ISO simple, but the number of sheets you have on hand is restricted.
Digital Cameras Are More Expensive
When conducting any comparison, it’s usually a good idea to check the pricing. We’ll look at the prices of both film and digital photography since it’s no different.
With digital, the camera is the most expensive item. A high-quality digital camera is not inexpensive. The Sony A7R III, for example, is over $3,000 for a full-frame mirrorless camera. That is merely for the physical body.
Lenses and other equipment are also not inexpensive, although this is not unique to digital photography. A computer is also required for a digital photographer. They may also require photo editing software.
Of course, there are more cheap digital cameras available, which are sometimes marketed in bundles with other accessories. A nice example of this is the Nikon D3500.
Using Film Costs More in the Long Run
Film cameras may be found for cheap at secondhand stores or online. Although you may be pleased with your purchase, the camera is only a minor portion of the whole financial picture.
The film is the first substantial outlay. Unlike digital photography, you must effectively pay for each shot you take. You’ll have to buy the film as long as you wish to shoot. A roll of film isn’t expensive, but it adds up over time. You’ll have to pay extra if you shoot a lot.
It may cost $45 to capture 180 photos with Kodak Portra 400 Professional film. The film used by older film cameras is sometimes in short supply and even more costly. Film photographers become more realistic as a result of this. They should be.
The advantage is that film photographers must think about every shot. They can’t afford to be wasteful, therefore they must be meticulous in their execution.
Photographers using digital cameras have the potential to be more trigger-happy. Even if their memory card is at capacity, individuals might erase photographs to free up space. More trial and error is possible as a result.
Developing Film Takes Time and Money
You’ll need to get the images processed as well. You may take them to a store or have them developed, but you will be charged for the service. This takes time as well. While images may be processed in a matter of hours, many services might take days.
Another option is to develop your images at your own house. However, the chemicals and equipment aren’t inexpensive, and not everyone has room in their home for a darkroom.
You’re Less Likely to Need to Upgrade Your Film Camera
You may feel the desire to improve your digital camera as technology progresses. If you believe your system is out of date, you’ll need a new camera to stay up with the latest technology.
However, especially with high-end devices, the obsolescence cycle is slow. If you acquire an excellent digital camera, you won’t need to update it for many years.
When it comes to film cameras, you’ll seldom consider upgrading. They will continue to perform as intended as long as they are in excellent shape. They aren’t under the same strain as their modern counterparts.
It’s Cheaper to Share and Save Images With Digital
A memory card is required for digital photography. This is an additional cost, although it is not as low-cost as buying film rolls.
A CF memory card, which can store 160 photos for $20, is available. It costs half as much as the film and may be used as many times as you like.
However, if you want to share your film photographs online, you’ll need to scan them. You can have the photographs digitized by film developers, but you’ll have to pay extra. Another alternative is to purchase a scanner.
Digital Photographs Are Much Quicker to Work With
Consider your workflow. Using digital technology, you may capture a scene, modify it, and distribute it online quickly, easily, and efficiently. It might take less than 10 minutes from the time the camera is clicked to the time it is published online.
Film photography moves at a much slower speed. In this contest, the film is unquestionably the turtle.
You must finish the roll before you can get your film processed. You may have to wait a bit if the image you seek is shot on the roll. If you don’t shoot very regularly, you’ll have to wait a while to see the results.
When the roll is finished, it’s ready to start developing. Although same-day services are available, you can expect to wait a few days for your images. The photographs must next be scanned before they can be shared online.
There is a lot to learn if you decide to pursue house construction. The chemicals must be mixed and kept at the proper temperature. You’ll also need to obtain all of the necessary equipment. On top of that, you’ll need adequate room to complete the task.