Nikon Z50 Vs Nikon D3400

Nikon is a well-known brand in the realm of photography because it provides a diverse selection of high-quality cameras at price points that are affordable for both amateur and professional photographers. The Nikon Z50 and the Nikon D3400 are two of the most well-liked models in Nikon’s product collection.

Both of these cameras come with their own set of capabilities and features that set them apart from one another, making them suitable for various kinds of photographers. This article will compare the Nikon Z50 with the Nikon D3400, focusing on the fundamental distinctions between the two cameras, with the goal of assisting you in making an educated decision on your future camera purchase.

Sensor and Image Quality

Because it controls both the image quality and how well the camera performs in low light, the sensor is an essential component of every camera. The APS-C sensor in the Nikon Z50 has a resolution of 20.9 megapixels, whereas the APS-C sensor in the Nikon D3400 has a resolution of 24.2 megapixels.

Both cameras create images of outstanding quality, but the D3400 has a higher resolution, which enables it to capture more detail in the photographs it takes. On the other hand, because of its bigger sensor pixels, the Z50 performs better in low-light situations than its competitors.

Autofocus and Performance

When it comes to focusing, the Nikon Z50 is at the forefront of the pack thanks to its hybrid autofocus technology, which combines phase-detection and contrast-detection autofocus into a single mechanism. This results in focusing that is both quicker and more precise, particularly in settings when the lighting is difficult. The Nikon D3400, on the other hand, has a reliable focusing mechanism, but it does not have any of the sophisticated capabilities that are included in the Z50.

In terms of overall performance, the Z50 has a more powerful EXPEED 6 image processor than the D3400 does, which results in quicker continuous shooting rates and improved overall responsiveness.

Specifications Comparison

SpecificationNikon Z50Nikon D3400
Camera TypeMirrorlessDSLR
Sensor20.9 MP APS-C CMOS24.2 MP APS-C CMOS
Image ProcessorEXPEED 6EXPEED 4
ISO Range100-51,200 (expandable to 204,800)100-25,600 (expandable to 12,800)
Autofocus Points20911
Continuous ShootUp to 11 fpsUp to 5 fps
Video Recording4K UHD at 30 fps, Full HD at 120 fpsFull HD at 60 fps
ViewfinderElectronic, 2,360k dotsOptical, 95% coverage, 0.85x magnification
LCD Screen3.2-inch tilting touchscreen, 1,040k dots3.0-inch fixed LCD, 921k dots
WirelessBuilt-in Wi-Fi and BluetoothBuilt-in Wi-Fi
Battery LifeApprox. 320 shots per charge (CIPA)Approx. 1,200 shots per charge (CIPA)
WeightApprox. 397 g (body only)Approx. 445 g (body only)

Video Capabilities

The Nikon Z50 has excellent video capabilities, making it a great choice for anybody interested in filmmaking. In addition to having a microphone input for recording high-quality audio, it is capable of recording 4K UHD films at a frame rate of 30 frames per second (fps).

The D3400, on the other hand, is only capable of recording movies in Full HD at 60 frames per second and does not have a microphone input, which severely restricts its capacity for video recording.

Connectivity and Sharing Options

In this day and age of digital technology, the choices for networking and sharing play a big part in the use of cameras. The Nikon Z50 shines in this regard because to its built-in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth connectivity, which enables you to wirelessly transfer photographs to your smartphone or tablet for speedy uploading and sharing on social networking platforms.

Even though it does not have built-in wireless connectivity, the D3400 gives users the option to utilize an external adapter in order to send wireless images.

Ergonomics and Handling

When compared to the Nikon D3400, which is a DSLR camera, the mirrorless design of the Nikon Z50 results in a device that is both more compact and lighter in weight. Because of its more compact size, the Z50 is much simpler to transport and work with, which is especially beneficial for photographers who like working with more mobile setups.

On the other hand, some photographers might choose the D3400 because of its broader grip and more conventional DSLR feel.

Battery Life

The capacity of the camera’s battery is an extremely important aspect to think about, particularly for photographers who participate in extended photo shoots or who travel frequently. A single charge of the Nikon D3400’s battery will allow you to take roughly 1200 photos, making it one of the most powerful cameras in the Nikon D3400 line.

The battery life of the Nikon Z50, on the other hand, is significantly lower and only provides around 300 images per charge. It is important to keep in mind that mirrorless cameras, like as the Z50, have a tendency to use more power than other types of cameras since they utilize electronic viewfinders and continuous focusing.

Price and Value for Money

When it comes to cost, the Nikon D3400 is often more reasonable than the Z50. This is especially true when comparing their base prices. The Nikon D3400 is a great camera for beginners since it has such high image quality and is so powerful, especially considering how affordable it is. On the other hand, the Z50 is marketed as a more advanced camera since it possesses capabilities such as an improved focusing system, the ability to capture videos in 4K resolution, and enhanced functionality in low-light situations.

The D3400 is an excellent option for those who are just starting out in photography or are working with a limited budget, whilst the Z50 is more suited to experienced photographers who are looking for advanced capabilities and adaptability.

Lens Compatibility

The Nikon Z50 and the Nikon D3400 both come with a diverse collection of lens choices to choose from. The Z50 makes use of Nikon’s proprietary Z-mount technology, which was developed especially for the company’s mirrorless cameras. Even though there is a growing range of lenses for the Z-mount, it is still inferior to Nikon’s well-established F-mount system, which is compatible with the D3400.

This is despite the fact that the Z-mount lens selection is rising. If you currently possess Nikon lenses or if you wish to have a wider range of lens choices, the D3400 may be the one that is most suited to your needs.


In conclusion, both the Nikon Z50 and the Nikon D3400 are remarkable cameras that cater to a variety of requirements and personal tastes. The Z50 shines because to its cutting-edge autofocus technology, its ability to record in 4K, and its excellent performance in low-light conditions. Photographers who are seeking for a camera that is both flexible and compact will find this to be an excellent option.

On the other hand, the D3400 provides good image quality, reliable performance, and an inexpensive price point, which makes it an ideal choice for novice photographers or photographers working with a limited budget. When deciding on a camera, it is important to take into account not only your unique needs but also your available funds and how you want to shoot.


Q. Can I use my existing Nikon lenses with the Nikon Z50?
A. Yes, you can use your existing Nikon lenses with the Z50 using the FTZ adapter.
Q. Does the Nikon D3400 have a touchscreen?
A. No, the D3400 does not have a touchscreen.
Q. Is the Nikon Z50 weather-sealed?
A. No, the Z50 is not weather-sealed.
Q. Can the Nikon Z50 shoot in RAW format?
A. Yes, the Z50 can shoot in RAW format.
Q. Does the Nikon D3400 have image stabilization?
A. No, the D3400 does not have in-body image stabilization.


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