Nikon Z50 Vs Nikon D780

When it comes to selecting a camera, Nikon has always been considered a reliable brand by those who are passionate about photography. The Nikon Z50 and the Nikon D780 are two of Nikon’s most popular cameras, and we’re going to compare and contrast them in this post.

Both of these cameras have a plethora of outstanding features and capabilities, but they appeal to users with quite different requirements and tastes. We hope that by analyzing their most important characteristics, performance, and usability, we can assist you in making an educated choice that is appropriate for the photography needs you have.

Overview of Nikon Z50 and Nikon D780

The Nikon Z50 is a mirrorless camera that was introduced in 2019 and is aimed at the beginner and enthusiast segments of the market. Because of its small size and low weight, it is ideal for photography that is done on a daily basis as well as when traveling.

The Nikon D780, on the other hand, is a digital single-lens reflex camera that was introduced in the year 2020. It is aimed at professional photographers who are looking for adaptability and great performance.

Design and Ergonomics

The Nikon Z50 has a sophisticated and ergonomic design, as well as a comfortable grip, making it an excellent choice for extended periods of photography. It features a touchscreen that can be tilted, which makes navigating the menus much easier and provides more varied shooting angles.

In comparison, the Nikon D780 sports a sturdy and weather-sealed shell, making it exceptionally durable and reliable in a wide range of environments. It features both a conventional optical viewfinder as well as an LCD screen that can be tilted.

Image Sensor and Resolution

The Nikon Z50 features an APS-C CMOS sensor that has 20.9 megapixels, which results in images with exceptional clarity and range of dynamic range. Additionally, it is compatible with the Nikon Z mount, which enables the use of lenses of a very high standard.

On the other hand, the Nikon D780 is equipped with a full-frame CMOS sensor that has 24.5 megapixels. This gives the camera improved low-light performance as well as better depth of field.

Autofocus System

Both cameras have sophisticated focusing systems, which enable precise and speedy target tracking while shooting moving subjects. A hybrid autofocus technology is utilized by the Nikon Z50, and it features 209 phase-detection points that cover about 90% of the frame.

In addition to that, it has an eye-detection autofocus feature that enables users to focus on the eyes of their subjects precisely. A robust 51-point phase-detection focusing technology is utilized by the Nikon D780, which allows the camera to perform very well in a wide range of shooting settings.

Specifications Comparison

SpecificationNikon Z50Nikon D780
Camera TypeMirrorlessDSLR
Sensor SizeAPS-CFull Frame
Megapixels20.9 MP24.5 MP
ISO Range100-51,200 (expandable)100-51,200 (expandable)
Autofocus Points209273
Continuous Shooting Speed11 fps (with AF/AE)7 fps (with AF/AE)
Video Recording4K UHD at 30 fps4K UHD at 30 fps
Image StabilizationIn-body (5-axis)In-body (5-axis)
LCD Screen3.2″ tilting touchscreen3.2″ tilting touchscreen
ViewfinderElectronic (EVF)Optical
Battery LifeApprox. 300 shots per chargeApprox. 2260 shots per charge
Weight (Body)450g840g

ISO Performance

When shooting in low-light conditions, the camera’s ISO performance is one of the most important factors in determining the final image quality. The Nikon Z50 features an expanded maximum ISO setting of 204,800, with a typical range of 100–51,200.

Even at the highest ISO settings, it generates photos that are crisp and free of noise. In contrast, the Nikon D780 has a native ISO range that extends from 100 to 51,200 and can be expanded all the way up to 204,800. The camera’s full-frame sensor enables it to operate very well in low light.

Burst Shooting and Buffer Capacity

Both cameras have remarkable burst shooting capabilities, making them ideal for recording subjects that are always on the go. Continuous shooting at a rate of up to 11 frames per second (fps) is possible with the Nikon Z50, guaranteeing that you will never miss an important moment.

However, the maximum number of RAW files or JPEG photographs that may be stored in its buffer is around 20 or 150, respectively. On the other hand, the Nikon D780 has a continuous shooting speed of 7 frames per second and a greater buffer capacity of about 68 RAW files or 100 JPEG photos. Both of these numbers are much higher than those of the D7100.

Video Capabilities

Both the Nikon Z50 and the Nikon D780 do quite well when it comes to filming video. The Nikon Z50 allows users to capture 4K Ultra High Definition video at a rate of 30 frames per second (fps) and provides videographers with a wide range of creative choices. In-camera image stabilization is also included, allowing for better footage even when shooting handheld.

In a similar fashion, the Nikon D780 is capable of recording 4K UHD video at a frame rate of 30 frames per second and has the option to shoot full-frame 1080p video at up to 120 frames per second for slow-motion effects.

Connectivity Options

When it comes to connection, both the Nikon Z50 and the Nikon D780 have a wide variety of choices, allowing you to easily transfer and share your photographs.

Both of them come equipped with built-in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, making it simple to transmit files wirelessly to other devices that are compatible. In addition, the Nikon Z50 comes equipped with a USB Type-C connection, which enables users to transmit data quickly and charge their device with ease.

Battery Life

For photographers, considering how long their batteries will last is a crucial concern, particularly during extended shooting sessions. The Nikon Z50 is powered by a rechargeable EN-EL25 lithium-ion battery, which allows for around 320 photographs to be taken on a single charge.

When compared, the Nikon D780 makes use of an EN-EL15b battery, which provides a larger capacity of about 2,260 photos per single charge. It is important to keep in mind that the amount of time a battery may last might change depending on a variety of things, such as the shooting circumstances and the settings.

Price and Value for Money

When compared to the Nikon D780, the Nikon Z50 is a more cost-effective alternative, which makes it a more appealing choice for beginning photographers as well as those who are working with a more limited budget.

It provides an outstanding balance between the capabilities it offers and the cost at which they may be obtained. The Nikon D780, on the other hand, is aimed for professional photographers who need advanced skills and adaptability, which justifies the higher price tag.


To summarize, the Nikon Z50 and the Nikon D780 are both remarkable cameras that meet a variety of requirements from their respective audiences of users. The Nikon Z50 is a mirrorless camera that is both portable and easy to carry anywhere, making it ideal for both vacation and general photography. It has an amazing image quality, a sophisticated focusing system, and superb video recording capabilities. On the other hand, the Nikon D780 is a flexible digital single-lens reflex camera that performs exceptionally well in a wide variety of shooting settings. It has a greater resolution, superior performance in low light, and a more durable design than its predecessor.

You may make an educated choice between these two fantastic Nikon cameras by taking into account your spending limits, the kind of work you want to do with the camera, and your own personal preferences.


Q: Can I use my existing Nikon lenses with the Nikon Z50?
A: Yes, the Nikon Z50 is compatible with Nikon Z mount lenses as well as F mount lenses with the FTZ adapter.
Q: Does the Nikon D780 support 4K video recording?
A: Yes, the Nikon D780 offers 4K UHD video recording at 30 frames per second.
Q: Is the Nikon Z50 weather-sealed?
A: No, the Nikon Z50 does not have weather sealing.
Q: Does the Nikon D780 have a built-in flash?
A: Yes, the Nikon D780 features a built-in flash.
Q: Can I use the Nikon Z50 for professional photography?
A: While the Nikon Z50 is suitable for enthusiasts and hobbyists, professional photographers may prefer the advanced features of the Nikon D780.


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