Nikon Z7 Vs Nikon D3400

Nikon has long been regarded as one of the most powerful competitors in the digital photography industry. Nikon continues to push the limits of innovation by producing a diverse selection of camera models that may meet a variety of users’ requirements. The Nikon Z7 and the Nikon D3400 are two of Nikon’s most popular cameras, and we’re going to do a deep dive into a thorough comparison of the two in this post.

Both of these cameras come with their very own set of capabilities and features that set them apart from one another, making them ideal for distinct categories of photography aficionados. In order to assist you in making an educated choice, let’s examine the ways in which these two models are similar to one another as well as the ways in which they differ from one another.

Nikon Z7: Overview and Key Features

The Nikon Z7 is a full-frame mirrorless camera that delivers a powerful punch in terms of both its performance and the quality of its images. It has a sensor of 45.7 megapixels, which enables the creation of extremely detailed and crisp photographs.

The Z7 provides a good amount of adaptability for framing photographs from a variety of angles because to its high-resolution electronic viewfinder (EVF) as well as its tilting touchscreen that measures 3.2 inches.

Nikon D3400: Overview and Key Features

On the other hand, the Nikon D3400 is a digital single-lens reflex camera that is an entry-level model geared for novices as well as aficionados. In comparison to other cameras in its class, it offers exceptional picture quality because to its APS-C sensor that has a resolution of 24.2 megapixels.

Those who are just starting out in photography will find the D3400 to be a dependable and simple-to-operate camera thanks to its optical viewfinder and 3-inch fixed LCD screen.

Image Quality and Resolution

The Nikon Z7 has an advantage over its competitors in terms of both image quality and resolution. As a result of its increased megapixel count and larger sensor area, it is able to capture more information and provide a wider range of tonal gradations than its predecessor, the D3400.

This benefit is especially obvious in circumstances that involve difficult lighting conditions or when printing photographs of a bigger size.

Autofocus System

When purchasing a camera, one of the most important features to look for is an autofocus (AF) system. The Nikon Z7 makes use of an innovative hybrid autofocus technology that has 493 focus points, allowing it to cover a large portion of the picture.

Because of this, the focusing performance may be both precise and quick, which is especially helpful for circumstances involving continuous tracking. In comparison, the autofocus mechanism of the Nikon D3400 consists of just 11 points, which might be restrictive when attempting to take pictures of subjects in motion.

ISO Performance

Both cameras are exceptional when it comes to taking pictures in low light, but the Nikon Z7 shines out thanks to its greater ISO performance. Because of its bigger sensor size and more powerful image processing capabilities, the Z7 produces photos that are clearer and have less noise even when the ISO level is increased.

If you push the limitations of the D3400’s ISO setting, you could notice increased noise, despite the fact that it has the ability to function adequately in low light.

Video Capabilities

The Nikon Z7 offers a more extensive selection of video options than the Nikon D3400 does, making it a better choice for those who are interested in filmmaking. The Z7 is capable of recording 4K UHD movies at a frame rate of 30, which provides a higher level of information and clarity.

In addition, it enables sophisticated video shooting modes and features such as focus peaking and zebra patterns, all of which contribute to an overall improvement in the quality of the video-producing experience.

Specifications Comparison

SpecificationNikon Z7Nikon D3400
Sensor TypeFull-frame (FX) CMOSAPS-C CMOS
Sensor Resolution45.7 megapixels24.2 megapixels
ISO Range64-25600 (expandable to 32-102400)100-25600 (expandable to 51200)
Image ProcessorEXPEED 6EXPEED 4
Autofocus Points49311
Continuous Shooting SpeedUp to 9 frames per secondUp to 5 frames per second
Video Recording4K UHD at 30p, 25p, and 24pFull HD 1080p at 60p
LCD Screen3.2-inch tilting touchscreen3.0-inch fixed LCD
ViewfinderElectronic (EVF), 3.69 million dotsOptical, 95% coverage
ConnectivityWi-Fi, Bluetooth, USB, HDMISnapBridge (Wi-Fi + Bluetooth), USB, HDMI
Battery LifeApprox. 330 shots per chargeApprox. 1200 shots per charge
WeightApprox. 675g (body only)Approx. 395g (body only)

Display and Viewfinder

The electronic viewfinder (EVF) that is built into the Nikon Z7 has a high resolution, which allows for a clear and precise preview of the final image. Adjustments to the image’s exposure and white balance may be made in real time using the electronic viewfinder (EVF), which enables more exact control over the image that is shot.

On the other hand, the D3400 employs an optical viewfinder, which in comparison to an electronic viewfinder (EVF) may not give the same degree of precision and information.

Connectivity Options

In terms of its connectivity possibilities, the Nikon Z7 is superior than the D3400. It provides more sophisticated choices. The Z7 comes equipped with built-in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, making it possible to upload photos to smart devices wirelessly and to manage the camera from a remote location.

Despite having Bluetooth technology, the D3400 does not have Wi-Fi connectivity, which severely restricts its wireless potential.

Battery Life

The duration of the battery life is a very important consideration, particularly for photographers who spend lengthy amounts of time taking pictures. In this respect, the Nikon D3400 is superior to its competitors.

When compared to the Z7, the D3400’s effective power management enables it to offer a substantial number of more photos from a single battery charge, making it an option that can be relied upon for shooting in challenging environments or when traveling.

Ergonomics and Handling

The Nikon Z7 and the D3400 both provide pleasant ergonomics, but their designs appeal to various tastes. Specifically, the Nikon Z7 offers a tilting touchscreen, whilst the D3400 does not. Because of its mirrorless architecture, the body of the Z7 is smaller and lighter, making it an excellent choice for photographers who place a premium on portability.

On the other hand, individuals who are used to conventional cameras will find that the D3400’s DSLR design offers a deeper grip as well as a more comfortable and familiar handling experience.

Price Comparison

When shopping for a camera, price is unquestionably one of the most important considerations. While the Nikon Z7 is positioned as a high-end camera, the D3400 is an option that is more favorable to one’s wallet. Because of its greater price, the Z7 is best suited for photography experts and hobbyists who are prepared to make a financial investment in their equipment.

Its sophisticated capabilities and improved image quality come at a cost. Because of its reasonable cost, the Nikon D3400 is an ideal choice as a first camera for amateur photographers or those working with a limited budget.

Pros and Cons

Nikon Z7 Pros

  • Impressive levels of both image quality and resolution
  • Superior focusing technology and performance at higher ISO settings
  • Extensive video capabilities
  • Design that is both condensed and lightweight.

Nikon Z7 Cons

  • A more expensive point of entry
  • There is just a small variety of lenses available for the Z mount.

Nikon D3400 Pros

  • Image quality that is commensurate with the cost.
  • User-friendly design, making it perfect for those just starting out
  • The long life span for the battery
  • Wide range of lenses that are compatible with the F mount

Nikon D3400 Cons

  • Fewer autofocus points than usual
  • LCD display that is fixed
  • fewer technologically sophisticated video features


In conclusion, the Nikon Z7 and the Nikon D3400 both have their own distinct benefits and are designed to cater to a specific set of user requirements. Because it excels in areas including picture quality, focusing, ISO performance, and video capabilities, the Z7 is an excellent option for both photography pros and amateur enthusiasts.

On the other hand, the Nikon D3400 offers exceptional value for the money, simple handling, and a solid performance package, which makes it a good choice for beginning photographers and photographers who are concerned about their spending.


Q: Can I use my existing Nikon lenses with the Z7?
A: Yes, Nikon Z7 supports the FTZ Mount Adapter, allowing you to use your existing F mount lenses.
Q: Does the D3400 have a touchscreen?
A: No, the D3400 does not have a touchscreen. It features a fixed LCD screen.
Q: Is the Nikon Z7 weather-sealed?
A: Yes, the Nikon Z7 is weather-sealed, providing enhanced durability and protection against dust and moisture.
Q: Which camera is better for video recording?
A: The Nikon Z7 offers superior video capabilities with 4K UHD recording and advanced video shooting modes.
Q: Can the D3400 shoot in RAW format?
A: Yes, the D3400 supports RAW file capture, allowing for more extensive post-processing options.


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